Meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges. The meninges are the three membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord. Meningitis can occur when fluid surrounding the meninges becomes infected.
In this population, more variable presentations are seen, with fewer patients manifesting fever, neck stiffness, and headache than among younger adults. The spectrum of etiologic bacterial organisms is more broad than that for a younger population, in part because of the increased frequency of severe underlying diseases and in part as a result of immunosenescence. Therapy is complicated by both the range of possible causative organisms and the increasing antibiotic resistance manifested by some.
Meningitis is often thought of as a disease that only affects babies and young children. But the truth is that meningitis can affect anyone of any age, with the risk increasing in older adults as our immune systems weaken as we get older. To find out more about meningitis in adults, please download an awareness pack or request a printed copy.
Background Acute bacterial meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges, which results from bacterially mediated recruitment and activation of inflammatory cells in the cerebrospinal fluid CSF. Bacterial meningitis was an almost invariably fatal disease at the start of the 20th century. With the development of and advancements in antimicrobial therapy, however, there has been a significant reduction in the mortality rate, although this has remained stable during the past 20 years 1. In adults, the most commonly identified organisms are S.
Back to Health A to Z. Meningitis is an infection of the protective membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord meninges. You should get medical advice as soon as possible if you're concerned that you or your child could have meningitis.
Skip to content. Meningitis is an infection and inflammation of the membranes the meninges surrounding the brain and spinal cord. It can be caused by a reaction to certain medications or medical treatments, an inflammatory disease such as lupus, some types of cancer, or a traumatic injury to the head or spine.
Meningitis and septicaemia can cause a range of disabilities and problems that can alter lives. After effects may be temporary or permanent, physical or emotional. A person who has been in hospital may feel well at discharge and not realise that they may not be able to slot back into their normal life immediately.
What is meningococcal disease? Meningococcal muh-nin-jo-kok-ul disease is a very serious bacterial infection that most often causes severe swelling of the protective lining around the brain and spinal cord meningitis or infection of the bloodstream meningococcal sepsis. But symptoms can progress quickly, killing an otherwise healthy young person in less than 48 hours.
Victorian government portal for older people, with information about government and community services and programs. Type a minimum of three characters then press UP or DOWN on the keyboard to navigate the autocompleted search results. Meningitis is when the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord meninges become infected. It can be caused by bacteria or viruses.